Recently I wrote about a project that I built on NYC’s menu labeling law. The next few posts explain how to make a website just like it. Why am I doing this? For marketers, the knowledge required to create a well-designed site is buried in hard-to-understand tutorials, books, and forums for computer programmers. Knowing nothing about web programming one year ago, this series explains everything that I’ve learned.
First I will address one of the biggest knowledge gaps for marketers: how does stuff get on the Internet? When I type into my web browser “www.google.com,” how does the Internet know what goes where?
Before you can create anything on the Internet, you need a web host. Put simply, it’s is a service that gives you access to an Internet-connected hard-drive.
To create something on the Internet, you pay a web hosting service, such as GoDaddy, Bluehost, Webair, Host Gator, $5-$10/month for several gigabytes worth of Internet-connected storage space (more info on web hosting here and here).
When you sign-up and pay with your credit card, they’ll ask you to choose a domain name (or a URL, e.g., www.mdaniels.com). All your Internet files are stored and accessed via this domain name.
This folder contains everything on mdaniels.com. Suppose you have a picture, called
image.jpg. Place it inside the www.mdaniels.com folder and it will appear on the Internet at the address
Note: when you purchase a web hosting service, your domain name should be included in your service. If you have to buy it separately, you’ll need to manually connect the domain name to your web service, a rather complicated step beyond the scope of this tutorial.
After your purchase, you’ll get a few emails from your web hosting service (I use the webhost webair.com). The first email:
New Webair hosting account information!
DOMAIN NAME: mdaniels.com
IP ADDRESS: 22.214.171.124
All of this info is very important, so take note when you receive it. You’ll also get a link to “control panel,” or in my case cp.webair.com. This is where you manage your account, domain name, and bunch of other things that we’ll get into later.
Next, you’ll get a second email confirming your domain registration. When I requested www.mdaniels.com, it didn’t go live on the Internet immediately. It takes a good 48 hours to make its way through the system.
At this point, you’ve purchased server space and have a domain name that is live (i.e., doesn’t show “page not found” when typed into a web browser). How do you upload your first document to the Internet?
We need to access the folder I illustrated above (i.e., www.mdaniels.com), your domain name server space. But it’s not simple as clicking “My Computer” on your PC. You need a special program that transfers files from your computer to your web host’s servers. Note: Some web hosts provide a built-in tool on their control panel. Either way, try installing a file transfer program.
Step 1: Installation
Step 2: Enter your File Transfer Info
Once you start the program, you should see a field that says host or hostname. Enter the information from the web hosting service email that you received earlier. In my case, it was ftp.mdaniels.com (it usually begins with the letters FTP).
Enter the same username and password from your email that was next to the host name or in the section titled “FTP.”
Step 3: Connect
Click connect and you should see a window appear with your domain name and a few random files.
Open your domain name folder. Try dragging and dropping a file into the folder. You’ve just uploaded something onto the Internet!
Step 4: Uploading a File
Try adding a picture to your domain name directory. Make sure you remember the file name and its extension (e.g., .gif, .jpg, .bmp).
For example, upload a photo called picture.jpg to your domain name folder. It will appear on the internet as
And that’s how the Internet works.
Summary of steps:
- Go to a web hosting service (like Godaddy or Webair)
- Buy a comfortable option (I recommend that cheapest, usually $5-$10/month)
- Choose a domain name for your website (e.g., www.mdaniels.com)
- Wait at least 48 hours to confirm that your domain name is working.
- Download a file transfer program, such as Filezilla for PC or Fetch for Mac.
- Connect your website and try uploading a file.